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Road Safety in India? Are Indian roads safe for the public?


  • Name of the student : Priya Kumari
  • Course : Bachelor in Journalism and Mass Communication Year- 2020-23

Education doesn’t only mean literacy it means common sense while someone is driving but in India fast driving, driving under the influence of drugs, alcohol, driving while tiredness, Not wearing helmet and seat belt while driving It is very common for people to talk on the phone while driving and this is the biggest reason for accidents.

The cost of road accidents is borne not only by the victims and their family, but by the economy in terms of untimely deaths, injuries, disabilities and loss of potential income. During 2020 the total recorded 3,66,138 road accidents caused loss of 1,31,714 persons lives and injured 3,48,279 persons. Unfortunately, the worst affected age group in Road accidents is 18-45 years, which accounts for about 70% of total accidental deaths. As per study undertaken by international driver education company Zutobi, South Africa has been ranked as the world’s most dangerous country to drive in while India came in at fourth place. This rise serious question regarding Road safety in India and put the question mark on whether the road is safe for the citizens in the country or? This question also rapidly increases because of recent death of Cyrus Mistry, former CEO of Tata sons by road accident. After that Nitin Gadkari announced that seat belts will be migratory for all the passengers in cars, violators to be fined. But also, according to forensic team not only high speed and not wearing seat belt only cause for Cyrus Mistry death. Road design is also a big factory road accident in India and according to forensic team fault bridge design led to Cyrus Mistry crash.

  • For the understanding of the cause behind such a large numbers of road accidents we must understand 5E i.e.
  • Economy
  • Engineering
  • Emergency care
  • Education
  •  Enforcement

Road transportation is the most dominant mode of transportation in India. The Road Transport Sector accounts for about 87% passenger traffic and 60% of freight in the country. We must reduce the use of roads for transportation but due to urbanization, it seems to be difficult to reduce.

Education doesn’t only mean literacy it means common sense while someone is driving but in India fast driving, driving under the influence of drugs, alcohol, driving while tiredness, Not wearing helmet and seat belt while driving It is very common for people to talk on the phone while driving and this is the biggest reason for accidents. According to finding done by lancet the state that if India will be able to solve this preventive intervention, they could be cut road related did by 25 to 40%. It also states that an average of 20,554 lives could have been saved in India with a reduction in speeds 5,683 with helmet interventions and 3,204 with seatbelts.

17% of road traffic injury-related deaths in LMICS could be avoided if trauma care facilities improved.

Poor infrastructure of roads and car safety also measure reason behind such a high fatality in India. Faulty road engineering, defective DPRS (detailed project reports) of junctions, inadequate signage and road markings, Pathetic conditions of roads, visibility issues, poor quality material etc


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